Sajdah Sahw or prostration of forgetfulness is a prostration that is done in compensation for missed obligatory steps of prayer. You can perform sajdah sahw in some easy steps. First, Recite Attahiyat while saying salam and perform two sajdah, then recite Attahiyat, Darood, and Dua then offer two salam.

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What Is Sajdah Sahw?

Prayer is a path of connection of a person to his Creator, it's a meeting between Allah and his follower. Prophet SAW taught us the method to pray five times a day. When we are standing before Allah there are some manners that are taught by our Prophet SAW. If these manners are missed mistakenly by a person then he has to perform sajdah Sahw for the fullness of Namaz. If you had mistakenly missed any step in namaz and didn't perform sajda sahw then your namaz will be invalid.

Sajdah Sahw In Hadith

  • Sahih Al- Bukhari Hadith#1224

Narrated `Abdullah bin Buhaina: Allah's Apostle once led us in a prayer and offered two Rakat and got up (for the third Rakat) without sitting (after the second Rakat). The people also got up with him, and when he was about to finish his prayer, we waited for him to finish the prayer with Taslim but he said Takbir before Taslim and performed two prostrations while sitting and then finished the prayer with Taslim.

  • Bukhari Hadith#1225

Narrated `Abdullah bin Buhaina: Allah's Apostle got up after the second Rakat of the Zuhr prayer without sitting in between (the second and the third Rakat). When he finished the prayer he performed two prostrations (of Sahu) and then finished the prayer with Taslim.

  • Sahih Al- Bukhari Hadith#1226

Narrated' `Abdullah: Once Allah's Apostle offered five Rakat in the Zuhr prayer, and somebody asked him whether there was some increase in the prayer. Allah's Apostle said, What is that? He said You have offered five Rakat. So Allah's Apostle performed two prostrations of Sahu after Taslim.

  •  Bukhari Hadith#1232

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, When anyone of you stands for the prayers, Satan comes and puts him in doubts till he forgets how many Rakat he has prayed. So if this happens to anyone of you, he should perform two prostrations of Sahu while sitting.

Obligatory Acts of Namaz

There are a total of 14 obligatory acts in Namaz, if one act is inadvertantly missed, delayed, or if anyone performed extra acts in namaz then without sajdah sahw Namaz will be invalid.

1. Reciting Al-Fatiha is an obligatory act in namaz, if you had missed it mistakenly then you have to do sajdah sahw to make your prayer valid.
2. Reciting any surah after Al-Fatih is necessary, If you didn't recite any surah after Surah Al-Fatih then you have to perform Sajdah Sahw.
3. Reciting Surah Fatiha and any other surah after Surah Fatiha in the first two Rakats of Fard Namaz is an obligatory act. If you are performing 4 Rakat Namaz and do not recite surah Fatiha and another surah after Al-Fatiha in the first two Rakats then you have to do sajdah sahw.
4. Reciting Surah Fatiha before another surah is an obligatory act, if you recite Surah-Fatiha after Surah Ikhlas then you have to perform Sajda Sahu.
5. Standing straight after Ruku is also an obligatory act in namaz, if you perform Ruku and don't stand straight after Ruku then you have to perform the prostration of forgetfulness.
6. Sitting between two sujoods is obligatory, you have to sit for a Tashahuud limit between two sujoods if you didn't sit, or sit for a quite long time then you have to do sajdah for forgetfulness.
7. Reciting Attahiyat is an obligatory step in namaz, if you didn't recite it then you have to perform sajdah e sahw.
8. First Qaddah is obligatory in namaz if you had missed it mistakenly then you can correct your namaz by performing Sajdah Sahw.
9. Offering As-Salam on both rights and left sides at the end of namaz is also obligatory, missing Salam will also correct with Sajda Sahw.
10. In Zuhar and Asar prayers, slow recitation of Qirat is an obligatory step, if someone recites Qirat loudly then they had to do sajdah sahw.
11. Reciting Dua e Qunoot in witar is obligatory to act, if someone doesn't recite it in witar then has to do sajdah of forgetfulness.
12. Saying Takbeer before Dua e Qunoot in Isha prayer is obligatory, if it is missed you have to do sajdah e sahw.
13. Saying six more Takbeer in Eid prayer is also obligatory if someone misses them then sajda sahw can fix the prayer.
14. It is obligatory for the imam to recite Qirat loudly in Fajar, Maghrib, Isha, Eid, and, Taraweeh prayers. If this act is missed the sajdah sahw should be done to fix the mistake.

According to Fiqh, If a person forgets the numbers of Rakats prayed in namaz then he can perform sajdah e sahw to compensate. According to Hadith is proven that even extra Rakats performed mistakenly can be fixed with Sajdah e Sahw.

Step by Step Perfoming Sajdah Sahw

Step 1 Recite Attahiyat in Last Rakat

In the last Rakat, sit in Qaddah place both palms of your hands on your thighs, and recite Athatiyat. If you had recited Attahiyat, durood and dua you can still do sajda sahu.

Step 2 Offer Salam on Right Side

Now after reciting Attahiyat, turn your head toward your right shoulder to offer Assalam, you have to offer a single salam on the right side for performing Sajda Sahw.

Step 3 Perfom Two Sujood

Now you have to perform two prostrations one after the other, bow down your head while sitting in the Qaddah position in a way that your forehead and nose are touching the ground. And your palms of the hands should be straight on the ground in front of you. Tasbeeh will be the same as you recite in normal sujood.

Step 4 Again Recite Attahiyat

After performing sajdah, return back to Qaddah position and again recite Attahiyat.

Step 5 Recite Darood

Staying in the same position, your hands on your thighs recite Darood e Ibrahim.

Step 6 Recite Dua

Sitting in the same position, recite dua after reciting Darood Ibrahim.

Step 7 Offer Salam on Right and Left Side

Now you can complete your prayer after performing the salams, turn your head toward your right shoulder and recite salam. Then turn your head towards your left shoulder and recite salam.




If a person had offered salam in namaz, still he can perform Sajda Sahu if:

  • His face is still towards Qibla.
  • He doesn't talk with someone.
  • Hasn't performed any act that voids the prayer.
  • He is still at his prayer mat.
  • If a person purposely misses any obligatory step, then his prayer is considered invalid even if he perform sajdah sahw. Sajdah sahw doesn't compensate for mandatory steps of namaz. You have to perform that namaz again if missed mandatory steps.
  • Performing sajdah sahu once is enough if you had mistakenly missed more than one obligatory act in namaz.
  • Forgetting the numbers of Rakat in namaz will also compensate with sajdah sahw.


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