Step 1 Prepare for Eid ul Fitr Prayer
Eid is the most important festivity of Islam. Muslims got these Eidain as a reward from Allah Subhaana Hu Wa Taa'la for their Faith and Ibadah. Muslims prepare themselves on the Day Of Eid in a special way. But the question remains on how to perform the eid prayer. Moreover, Eid salah needs some special and basic preparation before Salah such as,
- One must rise up early in the morning.
- Take a bath and wear the finest clothes you have (wear new ones if you can afford them).
- Spray some scent and comb your hair.
- Eat an odd number of dates or anything sweet before leaving for Salah ( To follow the Sunnah).
- Pay Sadaqat-ul-Fitr before namaz, so that the poor can feed on Eid Day.
- Leave for Eid salah reciting the Taqbeer "Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar La Ilaha Ill'Allah Wallahu Akbar Allahu Akbar Wa Lillah-il-Hamd"
Step 2Make An Intention
Your mind must focus on the intention you say at the beginning of Salah. As Allah Subhaana Hu Wa Taa'la rewards you accordingly for the intensity and truthfulness of your intention. Make an intention in a low voice saying "I intend to offer two Rakat Eid Salah in the name of Allah" and follow your Imaam.
Step 3 Say Takbeer
When the Imaam says الله أكبر, raise your hands and say الله أكبر in a low voice. Next, recite سبحانك اللهم وبحمدك وتبارك اسمك وتعالى جدك ولا إله غيرك i.e. Dua-al-Istiftah. After that, the Imaam will say the Takbeer three times, follow and repeat after him. Raise your hands for Takbeer, whenever the Imaam saysالله أكبر, and then place them back on your sides.
Step 4 Perform Qayam
After the three Taka'beer have been recited place your right hand on the top of your left hand. The Imaam will recite Surah Fatiha followed by another Surah in the first Rakat. Focus on his recitation and repeat after him.
Step 5 Perform Ruku
Once the Imaam is done reciting the Quran, you will hear the Imaam say, الله أكبر. Repeat after him and bow down placing your hands on the knees, eyes focused on the ground and back parallel to the ground. Then recite سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِي three times one after another. When you hear the Imaam say سَمِعَ اللَّهُ لِمَنْ حَمِدَهُ, stand back straight and recite رَبَّنَا وَلَكَ الْحَمْدُ in a low voice.
Step 6 Perform First Sajdah
When you hear the Imaam say next Takbeer i.e. الله أكبر go into prostration. While saying الله أكبر bend your knees and touch your forehead to the ground and say سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الأَعْلَى three times.
Step 7Perform Jalsa
Next, while reciting الله أكبر, raise your head from the ground, and remain seated with your knees bent for a few seconds before performing the second sajda.
Step 8Perform Second Sajdah
Again reciting الله أكبر, touch your forehead to the ground to prostrate again into the second sajda of your first Rakat. Recite سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الأَعْلَى three times.
Step 9Stand up to Perform Second Rakat
Then, again say الله أكبر and stand up, place your hands on your navel/chest with your right hand over your left hand. And, repeat recitation of Surah Al-Fatiha and other Surah, Then perform Ruku and perform Prostration two times (as mentioned above) to complete your second Sajda.
Step 10Perform Quood
Reciting الله أكبر rise from the final sajda of the second Rakat, but remain seated on the ground, back straight up with your knees bend. Place the palm of your hands on the knees and recite Tash'hud. After completing Tash'hud, recite Durood as you usually send Salawat Upon The Prophet (P.B.U.H) during the normal Salah. Now, right after completion of Durood, recite Rabbi Ja'alni and close your second Rakat.
Step 11Perform Tasleem
Once you have finished the Dua (Rabbi Ja'alni) turn your face to the right and say اَلسَلامُ عَلَيْكُم وَرَحْمَةُ اَللهِ then repeat the same step for the left side behind your Imaam. This means you have completed your Eid Salah.
Step 12Attend Khutba
Right after Salam you must remain seated and wait for the Imaam to start the Khutbah. Khutba is an obligation, which means it is rude to leave during Khutba and one must listen to it. It addresses different Islamic issues and lasts for 10-30 minutes. Speaking during Khutba has been discouraged by the scholars as it seems disrespectful.
Wait for the Imaam to finish the Khutba, then raise your hands to make dua. Start with the beautiful names of Allah Subhaana Hu Wa Taa'la and praise him as much as you can. Then send Salawat over Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H). Always make dua with complete faith in Allah Subhaana Hu Wa Taa'la that he will choose the best for you. After completing the dua stand and greet your Fellows Muslims and family members in the mosque. This is where your Eid Salah ends.