Have you been wondering about how to teach figurative language to kids? This is a tricky process but it requires time and experience to do things in a proper way. We have a complete guide to teaching figurative language to kids with easy steps. But you have to know and understand everything about reading figurative language. And understanding figurative language’s simple definition first.

Usama Ahmed

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Children learn the great majority of abstract words and concepts between the ages of 6 and 10. This means it's time for instructors or homeschooling parents to start teaching kids metaphorical language. They're required to absorb increasingly complex language and are exposed to more difficult reading demands.

Learning a figurative language will enable children to communicate a notion that would otherwise be difficult to comprehend due to its abstract character or complexity. It will also help children strengthen their writing skills and provide them with a better instrument for expressing their emotions. Which will help them mature emotionally.

This demonstrates the significance of metaphorical language in children's education and overall cognitive development. Simply said, figurative language is a creative way of using words and phrases. That goes beyond their literal meaning to express something more abstract. Or to increase the emotional power of that word or phrase.

So we will start with our figurative language lesson by understanding the types of figurative language first.

Types of Figurative Language


The term simile is a type of figurative language that is used for comparing two different things. For resemblance with the use of words like "as" or "like". For example "His eyes are as blue as the sea".


Metaphor is used in a sentence just like a Simile but without the use of words like "as" or "like". For example "it is raining cats and dogs".


Personification is the term that is mostly used for relating a characteristic. It can be an attribute with any type of abstract material. For example "The alarm clock yelled at me".


Hyperbole is an unrealistic term. Used for an exaggeration of something. Furthermore, to explain the focus and emphasis of an emotion or sentiment. For example "There is no way to go", or "I have got a million things to do".


The allusion is a reference to point to something in comparison to a preexisting person or a thing. For example "He felt like he had a golden ticket".Now as we have understood the basic types of figurative languages. You can start the process of teaching figurative language to the kids by following easy steps.

Explore more topics like Learn Second Language, Motivate Kids to Study, Teach a Child Cursive, and Make Brain Sharp.

Teach Figurative Language in Easy Steps

Step 1 Clearly Define Simple Terms

You can start the process of teaching figurative language with the use of metaphors or similes. It can make your sentence convey a better meaning. To teach your kids, you have to use anchor charts. On which they can learn about figurative language in a creative way.


An example of a simile is; that he was as pale as a white sheet. Here the comparison explains the situation for similarity in two totally different things in an imaginative way. An example of a metaphor is, that there is a weight on his shoulders. With such similes or metaphors, using picture books to teach figurative language can leave more impactful for the children.

Clearly Define Simple Terms

Step 2Stick to The Point With Examples

Then you have to use metaphors and similes in your text. With interesting images to catch the attention of the kids that you are teaching to. Stay focused on the main point demonstrating the difference. Use only the images that portray clear meaning if you are teaching figurative language.


"He was as tall as a building and as strong as a rock. He could smash through anything pretty easily!"

Stick To The Point With Examples

Step 3Use Easy to Understand Terms

You have to deal with kids with easy instructions. So that they understand what you are trying to teach them. It is up to you to teach them a poem with figures of speech. Or indulge them in figurative language activities.You can add activities for the kids by letting them ask for similes and metaphors from one another. So that they can start questioning and learning from them.

Use Easy To Understand Terms

Step 4 Practice Identifying Smiles and Metaphors

While using different terms you can confuse the kids. You can help them understand that a simile is a comparison of any two things. Which is mostly denoted by using “like” or “as” words. For metaphors, they are used for comparison where you have to say that something is the same as another one.


For each topic that you start, use single examples that reflect a well-known personality. Or a cause so that kids can get a more vivid view of your portrayal. Then you can make the students take part in this activity. Start questioning them about the metaphors.

Practice Identifying Smiles And Metaphors

Step 5 Apply Figurative Language in Writing

After you have taught the kids about identifying and using metaphors and similes. You can help them to improve their figurative language group activities by giving them something to write. Writing will help them to model a structure with metaphor and simile. With which they will be able to combine a few things together. Also, come up with new ideas for understanding figurative language.Setup an in-class activity for all the kids in the form of groups. Let them develop their figurative language skills with the use of Simile and Metaphors. This process will help kids not only in understanding and writing metaphors. But also in reading figurative language without too much complication.

 Apply Figurative Language In Writing


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To conclude, this was an easy guide on how to teach figurative language to kids. Furthermore, we have shared easy steps that can help to teach figurative language to kids in the simplest manner. However, For more easy steps like these, visit StepsHowTo.

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