How To Perform Tayammum

By Last Updated: March 21, 2024Views: 185

Today stepshowto will let you know about how to perform tayammum and what tayammum actually is. Tayammum is an Arabic word that means “aiming for something”. In Islam, Tayammum is said to be dry ablution by using clean soil, sand, or stone. Islam is a religion that has highlighted the importance of cleanliness and called it half faith either by Wudu, by ghusal, or if there is no water then by tayammum. That is why Muslims consider cleanliness foremost. Purification is obligatory for Muslims to perform prayers or Ibadahs.
Tayammum In Quran
In two verses of the Quran, Allah (S.W.T) said:

“ But if you are a sick, or on a journey or any of you has come from the toilet, or you have touched women, and you cannot find water then perform tayammum with the clean earth and wipe a part of your faces and your hands with it. Allah does not desire to put you to hardship, but he desires to purify you and to complete His blessings upon you so that you may give thanks”. (Surah Maidah ayat 6).

“But if you are a sick or on a journey or any of you has come from the toilet, or you have touched women and you cannot find water then make your ablution on clean ground and wipe a part of your faces and your hands, indeed Allah is all-excusing,all-forgiving”. (Surah Nissah ayat 43)

Tayammum In Hadith

Narrated Aisha R.A: “We set out with Allah’s Apostle (P.BU.H) on one of His (P.B.U.H ) journeys till we reached Al-Baidah or Dhatul Jaish, a necklace of mine was broken and lost.
Allah’s Apostle (P.B.U.H) stayed there to search for it, and so did the people along with Him (P.B.U.H). There was no water at that place, so the people went to Abu-Bakar R.A and said “ Don’t you see what Aisha R.A has done?” she has made Allah’s Apostle (P.B.U.H) and the people stay where there is no water and they have no water with them”.
Abu –Bakar R.A came while Prophet (P.B.U.H) was sleeping with his head on my thigh. He said to me: “ you have detained Prophet (P.B.U.H) and the people where there is no water and they have no water with them. So he admonished me and said what Allah wished him to say and hit me on my flank with his hand.
Nothing prevented me from moving (because of pain) but the position of Prophet (P.B.U.H) on my thigh. Prophet (P.B.U.H) got up when dawn broke and there was no water, so Allah (S.A.W) revealed the divine verses of Tayammum. So they all performed tayammum.
Usaid bin hudair said: “ O the family of Abu-Bakar! This is not the first blessing of yours”. Then the camel on which I was riding was caused to move from its place and beneath it, the necklace was found”. (Sahih Bukhari 334).

” Allah SWT gifted me five things that were not given to any Prophet before me, and one of them is that Allah SAW makes this earth pure for me ”(Sahih Bukhari 335)

Conditions For Tayammum

Tayammum can be performed instead of wudu in certain circumstances. In the light of the Quran and Hadith, the shariah has set some rules for performing Tayammum. Below are some conditions in which one can perform Tayammum instead of Wudu.

  • There is no access to water within 1 mile.
  • The accessible water is insufficient for performing Wudu.
  • There is a sufficient amount of water at hand but using it will create a deficiency of water for drinking, and put you at risk of dying of thirst.
  • Obtaining water is expensive or hazardous.
  • Using water puts your health at risk, like if you have some skin problems while using water.


The following precautions must be taken when you intends to perform tayammum.

  • Placing the palms of both hands on the soil, you have to spread your palms in a way that at least 3-5 fingers portion of your hands are on the soil. Less than three fingers on the soil will not complete your tayammum.
  • You can only perform Tayammum with earthen material.
  • The material from which you are performing Tayammum should be clean and Pak.
  • Do not repeat Tayammum’s steps thrice like wudu. Instead, You have to perform Tayammum steps only one time.
  • Using water puts your health at risk, like if you have some skin problems while using water.

How To Perform Tayammum (Dry Ablution)

  1. Making Niyyah or intention for Tayammum either by saying “I am doing tayammum in place of wudu, for the pleasure of Allah and to seek closeness to him”, or by same intention. Or say Dua in Arabic
    “إنني أتيمم على الوضوء لرضا الله وللتقرب منه”
  2. Recite the BISMILLAH HIR REHMAN NIR RAHEM (﷽) before starting tayammum.
  3. Now place both of your hands on the surface of clean soil, stone, or on the pure earth surface. Keep your fingers widely open when you are touching the soil.
  4. Lift your hands from the earth and hit your palm of the left hand and right hand together make sure that there is no extra dust on your palms.
  5. Now wipe your face with both hands, covering from right ear to left ear, and from the top of the forehead to the bottom of the chin as obligatory in wuzu with water. Then repeat step 2 and 3 again.
  6. First, wipe your right hand up to the elbow bone with your left hand, and then your left hand up to the elbow bone with your right hand.
  7. Now interlace the fingers of both hands together to clean them deeply.

When To Perform Tayammum

Islam is a complete code of life and one of the important principles of Islam is purity. Estimate its importance from the fact that Allah has favored two people, one who repents immediately after committing a sin and the other one who is pure and clean. The literal meaning of Tayammum is to intend and according to Shariat, it means to attain purity from pure soil. The two duties of Tayammum are to make Niyat and to strike twice. The intention is that I attain purity from all impurity. There are a few conditions for Tayammum and the first condition is that you are not able to use water or there is no water for a mile and the time of prayer is ending, then you can perform Tayammum and pray. Not being able to use water for other things means that water is available but it is very expensive than the market rate, so you can do Tayammum or water is available but it is so much that you are going on a journey and will have less to drink. So you can do Tayammum.

The second condition is to turn the hands on the soil and you can put three or more than three fingers on the soil, only two fingers are prohibited. You can do Tayammum with soil and it is pure.

The first sunnah of Tayammum is to read Bismillah and the second sunnah is to keep both hands on the soil and the third sunnah is to sweep away the soil if there is too much soil. The second sunnah is that when the hands are placed on the soil, the fingers should be wide and the fifth sunnah is that the fingers of both hands should be joined together. Tayammum is broken by anything that breaks ablution. Similarly, if you get sufficient water before offering prayer, it will break.

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