Salah is one pillar among the five pillars of Islam. There are five prayers that are mandatory for every Muslim (Fajr, Duhur, Asar, Maghrib, and Isha). Five prayers are compulsory to perform by every Muslim girl and boy once they reach puberty. However, its recommended for every Muslim parent to practice their child Namaz from the age of 6-7 years. Fajr prayer is the first prayer according to conventional time. However, the Islamic new day starts at sundown in this way fajr is the third prayer of the Islamic day after maghrib and Isha. Let’s follow a step-by-step guide on how to pray fajr prayer.
Muslim prayers are prayed at a specific time, once the time is passed then the mandatory prayers are considered qaza. Fajr prayer or also called dawn prayer is prayed between the starting of dawn and the sunrise. However, it is preferred to pray the Fajar prayer in the first part of appearing dawn when still it's dark. The timing for dawn and sunrise varies throughout the year from season to season and location to location. You can check your local time for dawn and sunrise before praying Fajr. Fajr prayer is consist of 4 Rakats with two Salams. Among them 2 Rakats are Sunnah and 2 Rakats are Fard.
Fajr Prayer In Quran
Surah Al-Nur Verse#58
O you who believe! Let your slaves and slave-girls, and those among you who have not come to the age of puberty ask your permission (before they come to your presence) on three occasions: before Fajr (morning) Salat, and while you put off your clothes for the noonday (rest), and after the 'Isha' (late-night) Salat (prayer). (These) three times are of privacy for you; other than these times there is no sin on you or on them to move about, attending to each other. Thus Allah makes clear the Ayat (the Verses of this Qur'an, showing proofs for the legal aspects of permission for visits) to you. And Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.
Surah Qaaf Verse# 39
So bear with patience (O Muhammad S.A.W) all that they say, and glorify the praises of your Lord, before the rising of the sun and before (its) setting (i.e. the Fajr, Zuhr, and 'Asr prayers) .
Fajr Prayer In Hadith
Narrated Abu Huraira Sahih BukhariHadith# 579
Allah's Apostle said "Whoever could get one Rakat (of the Fajar prayer) before sunrise, he has got the (morning) prayer and whoever could get one Rakat of the Asr prayer before sunset, he has got the ('Asr) prayer."
Narrated Hazrat Aisha Sahih Bukhari Hadith# 578
The believing women covered with their veiling sheets used to attend the Fajr prayer with Allah's Apostle, and after finishing the prayer they would return to their home and nobody could recognize them because of darkness.
Narrated Abu Bakr bin Abi Musa Sahih Bukhari Hadith# 574
My father said, "Allah's Apostle said "Whoever prays the two cool prayers ('Asr and Fajar) will go to Paradise".
Step by Step Performing Fajr Prayer
Step 1 Roast Pine Nuts
As we know that the time for Fajar prayer is upon starting of dawn, hence, it's better to set your alarm so you will not miss your prayer. Once after waking up for praying Fajr clean yourself by doing ablution(Wudu). Then lay a prayer mat on the clean ground facing towards Kaaba to start your Fajar prayer.
Step 2Niyyah for 2 Rakats Sunnah of Fajr Prayer
Start by performing two Rakats Sunnah. Stand straight on the prayer mat, your face should be straight and both arms should be straight along your body. Then make Niyyah for 2 Rakat Sunnah by saying" I intend to pray 2 Rakats Sunnah of Fajr prayer, facing towards Kaaba, in the presence of Allah". It is not compulsory to make niyyah in Arabic, you can make Niyyah for Namaz in your local language.
Step 3 Say Takbir
Then raise your both hands up to your ears while saying Takbir "الله أكبر". Men raise their hands up to their ears while for women it's recommended to raise their hands up to their shoulders.
Step 4 Perform Qayam
After saying Takbir, stay in the same position and bring your hands back and tie them below your navel. Your right hand should be above your left hand. Women have to tie their hands on their chests.
- Start reciting Sana (سُبْـحانَكَ اللّهُـمَّ وَبِحَمْـدِكَ وَتَبارَكَ اسْمُـكَ وَتَعـالى جَـدُّكَ وَلا إِلهَ غَيْرُك)
- Then recite Surah Fatiha
- In the last of Qayam recite Surah Ikhlas or any other Surah that you remember.
Step 5 Perform Ruku
Staying in the same position, while saying "الله أكبر" bend down your upper body so your face is towards the ground. Then place your palms on your knees and recite Tasbeeh ( سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيمِ) while staying in this position. You can recite Tasbeeh a minimum of three times, however, it can be increased for a longer Ruku.
Step 6Perform Qooma
Then rise up from Ruku reciting(سمع الله لمن حمده). Once you are back in a standing position then recite(رَبَّنـا لَكَ الحَمْـدُ).
Step 7 Perform First Sajdah
Bow down on the ground saying"الله أكبر". Then place both the palms of your hands straight on the ground and place your nose and forehead on the ground. Staying in this position recite Tasbeeh(سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الأَعْلَى) three times. you can increase the recitation of Tasbeeh for a longer prostration.
Step 8 Perform Jalsa
Raise your head from the ground saying "الله أكبر". Then sit on the ground for a few seconds before performing the second sajdah of Fajr prayer.
Step 9Perform Second Sajdah
Bow down again on the ground to perform the second sajdah in the same way as you bow for the first sajdah. Then recite Tasbeeh (سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الأَعْلَى) three times. Here the first Sunnah Rakat of Fajr prayer is completed.
Step 10Stand Up to Perform Second Rakat
After completing the first Rakat, stand up saying "الله أكبر" to perform the second Sunnah Rakt of Fajr prayer. Then perform Qayam, Ruku, Qooma, First Sajdah, Jalsa, and Second Sajdah in the same way as performed in the first Rakat.
Step 11Perform Quood
Quood is performed in the second Rakat after performing the second Sajdah. Sit on the ground and place both of your palms straight on your thighs. Then recite At-tahiyat, after reciting At-tahiyat sitting in the same position recite Durood -e- Ibrahimi. then end Quood by reciting (رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَّفِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَّقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ) . However, you can recite other recommended supplications at the end of Quood after reciting Durood-e-Ibrahimi.
Step 12Perform Tasleem
End your 2 Rakat Sunnah of Fajr prayer by saying, Salam. First, turn your head towards your right shoulder and say (السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ). Then turn your head towards your left shoulder and again say ( السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ). Now the two Rakats of Sunnah have been completed in Fajr Prayer.
Step 13Niyyah for 2 Rakats Fard of Fajr Prayer
After performing two Rakats Sunnah of Fajr Prayer. Make niyyah to perform two Rakats Fard of Fajr prayer. Stand straight on the prayer mat with your arms straight along your body to make Niyyah. By saying " I intend to pray 2 Rakats Fard of Fajr prayer, facing towards Kaaba, in the presence of Allah".
Step 14Perform 2 Rakats Fard of Fajr Prayer
After making niyyah for Fard Rakats, say Takbir and start your first Fard Rakat in the same way as you had perform Sunnah Rakats.
- Then perform Qayam.
- After performing Qayam make Ruku.
- Then perform Qooma.
- After performing Qooma bent down to perform the First Sajdah.
- Then sit in Jalsa before performing the second sajdah.
- Perform Second Sajdah to complete the first Rakat.
Step 15Then Stand up to Perform the second Fard Rakat.
- Make Qayam in the second Rakat.
- Then perform Ruku.
- Perform Qooma after rising from Ruku.
- Then perform First Sajdah.
- Perform Jalsa before performing the second sajdah.
- Then perform Second Sajdah.
- Sit in Quood and recite At-tahiyat, Durood -e-Ibrahimi and Dua.
- Then end your prayer by performing Tasleem to complete the second Frad Rakat of Fajr prayer.
Fajr prayer is a mandatory prayer in Islam that has 4 Rakats, 2 Sunnah, and 2 Fard. Missing mandatory prayer intentionally is considered a sinful act. However, if you miss mandatory prayer mistakenly, intentionally or due to some serious reason then you can perform its Qaza. Our Holy Prophet(S.A.W) used to make the Sunnah Rakats of Fajr prayer longer, you can also make Sunnah Rakats longer by elongating Qayam, Ruku, and Sajdah.
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