Muslims pray five times a day to praise and thank Allah. These five prayers are mandatory in Islam and missing these prayers is a sin in Islam. We had already discussed step by step performing 4 mandatory prayers( Fajr, Zuhr, Asr, and Maghrib) in previous articles, in today’s article we will guide you on how to pray Isha prayer.
According to Islamic day, Isha is the second prayer of the day, however, according to the conventional day, it is the last prayer of the day. The time for Isha begins when there is fully dark outside and it remains until fajr prayer. However, it is recommended to pray the Isha prayer in the first part of the night and not delay it except for legitimate reasons. There is a total of 13 Rakats of Isha prayer(4 Sunnah, 4 Fard, 2 Sunnah, and 3 Witr). You can pray witr after praying Isha along with Tahajjud prayer but if you are not sure about waking up for tahajjud then it will be better to perform Witr along with Isha prayer. Before starting Isha prayer make sure to perform Wudu as it is mandatory for praying.
Isha Prayer In Quran
YSurah Hud Verse# 114
And establish prayer at the two ends of the day and at the approach of the night. Indeed, good deeds do away with misdeeds. That is a reminder for those who remember.
Isha Prayer in Hadith
Narrated Anas Sahih Bukhari Hadith# 572
The Prophet (S.A.W) delayed the Isha prayer till midnight and then he offered the prayer and said" The people prayed and slept but you have been in prayer as long as you have been waiting for it(the prayer)." Anas added: As if I am looking now at the glitter of the ring of the Holy Prophet(S.A.W) on that night.
Step By Step Performing
4 Sunnah are Sunnat e Ghair maukada which means praying these Rakats is Sawab and missing these is not a sin. Holy Prophet (S.A.W) sometimes offers these Rakats snd sometimes He didn't. You can pray 4 Sunnah Rakats before Fard Rakats.
Step 1 Make Intention for 4 Fard Rakats
Start by laying down a prayer mat on the clean ground in the direction of Kaaba. Then stand straight on the prayer mat and say " I intend to pray 4 Fard Rakats of Isha prayer, facing towards the Holy Kaaba in the presence of Allah Almighty"
Step 2Say Takbeer
Firstly, take your both hands up to your ears while saying “الله أكبر”. Men have to take their hands up to their ears and women have to take their hands up to their chests.
Step 3 Perform Qayam
Then bring back your hands then tie both of your hands below your navel. Your right hand should be over your left hand. Females have to tie their right hand over their left hand on their chests.
- Start reciting Sana (سُبْـحانَكَ اللّهُـمَّ وَبِحَمْـدِكَ وَتَبارَكَ اسْمُـكَ وَتَعـالى جَـدُّكَ وَلا إِلهَ غَيْرُك)
- Then staying in the same position recite Surah Fatiha.
- Now you have to recite Surah Ikhlas or any other Surah from the Quran.
Step 4 Perform Ruku
Now, while saying “الله أكبر” bend down your upper body in a way that your face is towards the ground. Then after placing both of your palms on your knees recite Tasbeeh ( سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الْعَظِيمِ). Recite the Tasbeeh minimum of three times while in Ruku. However, for a longer Ruku, you can increase the recitation of Tasbeeh.
Step 5 Put All Ingredients in Food Processor
Then take a food processor and add roasted pine nuts, basil leaves, garlic cloves, lemon juice, shredded parmesan cheese, salt pepper, and olive oil in it.
Step 6 Perform Qooma
Then rise up your body from the Ruku position, and while rising recite سمع الله لمن حمده. Now, once upon reaching a standing position recite رَبَّنـا لَكَ الحَمْـدُ.
Step 7 Perform First Sajdah
Now you have to bow down your head on the prayer mat while saying“الله أكبر”. Then in the meantime place both your hands straight on the ground. Make sure your nose and forehead should touch the ground. Then recite Tasbeeh(سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الأَعْلَى) three times while staying in this position.
Step 8 Perform Jalsa
Rise up your head from the Sajdah position while saying “الله أكبر”. Then you have to sit on the ground for some seconds before performing the second sajdah
Step 9 Perform Second Sajdah
Again bow down your head on the prayer mat, for performing the second sajdah. And then recite Tasbeeh (سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الأَعْلَى) a minimum of three times while staying in Sajdah. Here first Fard Rakat of the isha Prayer is completed.
Step 10 Stand Up for Second Rakat
Now, while saying “الله أكبر” stand up to perform the second Rakat.
- Firstly, perform Qayam.
- Secondly, perform Ruku and recite Tasbeeh.
- Then, perform Qooma.
- Now, bend down to perform the First Sajdah and recite Tasbeeh.
- Then sit in Jalsa before bowing for the second sajdah.
- Perform the Second Sajdah.
- Then perform the First Qaada by reciting At-tahiyat.
Step 11 Stand Up for Third Rakat
Again stand up while saying “الله أكبر” to perform the third Rakat.
- Then perform Qayam and recite Surah Fatiha
- Make Ruku and recite Tasbeeh .
- Perform Qooma as performed in earlier rakats.
- Now perform the First Sajdah by bowing down on the ground.
- Then you have to sit in the Jalsa.
- Finally, perform the second Sajdah.
- There will be no Qaada in the third Rakat.
Step 12 Stand Up for Fourth Rakat
Once the first, second, and third Rakat is completed. Then stand up again while saying “الله أكبر” to perform the final Sunnah Rakat
- Firstly, perform Qayam by reciting Surah Fatiha.
- Then make Ruku and recite Tasbeeh.
- Now, rise up to perform Qooma.
- Then bow down to perform the First Sajdah.
- Sit on the ground in the Jalsa position.
- Finally, perform the second Sajdah.
Step 13 Perform Quood
Then perform the final qaada. Firstly, you have to sit on the ground in the jalsa position and then put both of your palms straight on your thighs. now, start reciting At-tahiyat, after reciting At-tahiyat, recite Durood -e- Ibrahimi. Then in the end of Quood recite رَبَّنَا آتِنَا فِي الدُّنْيَا حَسَنَةً وَّفِي الْآخِرَةِ حَسَنَةً وَّقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ. You can also recite other recommended supplications after Durood.
Step 14 Perform Tasleem
Now you have to perform Tasleem by offering Salam on both rights and left sides. Firstly, turn your head towards your right shoulder and say السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ. Then you have to turn your head towards your left shoulder and say السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكُمْ وَرَحْمَةُ اللهِ وَبَرَكَاتُهُ. The Fard Rakats of Isha prayer is completed.
Step 15 Make Intention for 2 Sunnah Rakats of Isha Prayer
Now, again stand up to make niyyah for 2 Rakats Sunnah Rakats of Isha Namaz. Start by standing straight on the ground with your arms straight along your body to make Niyyah. Then say ” I intend to pray 2 Rakats Sunnah of Isha, facing towards the Kaaba, in the presence of Allah”.
Firstly, say Takbir and start 1st Sunnah Rakat.
- Firstly, perform Qayam by reciting Surah Fatiha and Surah Ikhlas.
- Now, make Ruku.
- Then perform Qooma.
- Bend down for the First Sajdah.
- Then you have to sit in Jalsa.
- Finally, perform the second Sajdah.
Then Stand up to perform the 2nd Sunnah Rakat.
- Start final rakat by performing Qayam.
- Then you have to perform Ruku.
- Make Qooma after performing Ruku.
- Then bow down in First Sajdah.
- Now you have to perform Jalsa.
- Then bow down to perform the second Sajdah.
- Perform Quood.
- You have to end your prayer with Tasleem.
Step 7 Make Niyyat for 3 Rakat Witr
Again you have to stand up for performing witr. For starting Witr you have to make Niyyat for praying witr by saying " I intend to perform 3 rakats Witr, facing towards the Kaaba in the presence of Allah Almighty".
For performing witr you can follow a complete step-by-step guide on how to pray witr prayer.
You can pray 3 rakats of witr after praying 2 Sunnah rakats of Isha prayer, or you can pray witr separately. For making Isha's prayer longer you can also pray nafal. The 2 Sunnah Rakats are Sunnat e Mukada, which means It is not allowed to miss these, and Propet (S.A.W) never misses these Rakats. However 4 Sunnah Rakats are Sunnt e Ghair Mukada, which means missing these sometimes will not consider a sin.
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